What is Diabetes and How to Control It?

What is Diabetes?

It is important to understand that what is diabetes? Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is unable to make insulin or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin in produces. Insulin is a hormone that is made by the pancreas. It acts as a key to let glucose from the food we eat pass from the stream of blood into the body cells to produce energy for our day to day consumption. There are three types of diabetes. Carbohydrates are complex products. They are broken down into the simpler products like glucose by a number of reactions and the action of enzymes. Insulin helps glucose to get into the cells of body. The energy produced as a result is utilized by a human being to perform his normal activities. Not being able to produce insulin or use it effectively leads to high levels of glucose in blood – a condition known as hyperglycemia. The result occurs in the form of damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues.


Prediabetes means that you are on the road to diabetes. But it is also an indication to the fact that it is not too late to turn things around. Prediabetes can be suspected by its warning signs like increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, more hunger, rising appetite and tiredness. Pre-diabetes simply refers to “pre-diagnosis” of diabetes and is a wakeup call to rush to the doctor in order to rule you out for any possible diagnosis of diabetes itself.

Types of Diabetes

There are three main types of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes:

It can develop at any age but occurs mainly in children and adolescents. In this case, the body produces very little or no insulin. As a result one has to take insulin injections to main the glucose level in blood under control.

Type 2 Diabetes:

Makes up for around 90% of all the diabetic cases, it is the commonest type of diabetes and targets adults. In this case, the body is unable to make good use of insulin that is being produced. Mainly, lifestyle changes are advised like following yoga exercise for diabetic patient as well as diabetes diet. By following the advised diabetic exercise and making necessary changes in your diet, this type of diabetes can be controlled effectively. However, overtime oral administration of drugs and insulin is suggested too.

Gestational Diabetes

It is one of the types of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It may cause complications in the period of gestation till birth. GDM usually disappears after pregnancy but studies show that the women and children that are affected by it might suffer due to type 2 diabetes later on.

How to Control Diabetes?

Better to be safe than sorry – all of us have heard this phrase but we get its full essence once we go through a certain similar situation. It is always wise to take control of things before it is too late and the damage is immense and irreparable. Controlling your diabetes is a daily, weekly, monthly and yearly challenge but worth it. Right away you will feel better and have more energy. The pay off will be in the form of a long, happy and healthy life.

Below are the different ways that you can use to control diabetes.

1. Dietary Changes

One of the most important aspects in controlling diabetes is making significant dietary changes. With the recent advancements diabetes diets are introduced around. Moreover, with the manufacture of diabetes snacks, it has become even easier to munch on the right things. It is important to control your carbohydrates intake. Consume a sugar free meal. Increase the amount of fiber in your foods. Increase the uptake of water. Avoid all the processed and refined sugars. Follow the carefully catered diet for diabetic patient and you will see a drastic change in your blood glucose levels. By implementing a healthy diabetes diet in your routine, controlling your portions, taking more fibers, drinking a lot of water through the day and substituting the food groups with whole grains – there will be a monitored decrease in the high sugar level and your diabetes will be in control enabling you to live a healthy life.

2. Increased Physical Activity

Exercise helps your body to use insulin better. Diabetic patients are specifically advised to follow a good workout routine. The recommended yoga exercise for diabetes has shown amazing results over time in the patients who religiously followed it. Diabetic exercise specifically suggested to a diabetic patient has proven to help immensely in reducing the blood sugar levels. Not only that, these workouts and yoga exercises also help in lowering the stress, improving blood circulation and keep one fit as well.

3. Controlled Body Weight

Recent studies have marked obesity as one of the leading causes of diabetes. It is important to have a BMI value within normal range. In order to reduce the risk factors for diabetes, one should lead a physically active life with a normal body weight. Researchers also found that obese and overweight people were found more in the range of pre-diabetes and borderline diabetes as compared to those with a normal body weight.

4. Reduce the Stress

Stress is also one of the major risk factors for diabetes. Glucagon and cortisone are the hormones released during stress. They cause the blood sugar levels to go up. One study has shown that meditation, exercise and physical exertion reduces stress and consequently the blood sugar levels are lowered down too.

5. Optimum Sleep

Poor sleeping habits and lack of sleep also affects the level of sugar in blood as well as insulin sensitivity in body. It is important to have an optimum sleep of around eight hours for normal body functioning every day. Sleep deprivation releases stress hormones and that subsequently affects the sugar levels in blood.

6. Diabetes Test

It is important to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly. Routine diabetes test and checkups can help you closely monitor your blood glucose level and in turn help you manage your medication accordingly. Also, diabetes test done as a precautionary measure can also help in early diagnosis and timely treatment. You can do the spot check for instant results. HbA1C can also be done in order to check the record of previous few months. They key to managing diabetes is to keep your blood glucose levels near to normal.


Living well with diabetes means having a healthy and balanced diet, staying stress free, keeping up with the routine doctor visits, monitoring your sugar levels regularly, getting optimum sleep and maintaining an active lifestyle. It is important to know what is good and what is bad for you and then staying cautious. Diabetes is a lifelong illness but with proper awareness and knowledge about the disease, one can enjoy a happy and healthy life of the same quality as that of a non-diabetic person. If neglected, diabetes can be fatal and harm all other vital organs of the body. Therefore, it is significantly important to sustain a good lifestyle for a healthy living.

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